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Information on Common Causes of an Enlarged Prostate

There are many different causes of an enlarged prostate, however, it is typically a result of aging. The prostate grows during puberty, and typically begins to grow again around age 40. This is a common occurrence among most men and may not cause any negative effects or changes to bodily functions. However, when the prostate becomes so large that it restricts the urethra, it can cause urination problems, including discomfort during urination, frequent urination especially throughout the night, and even urinary incontinence (inability to control urination).

There are a variety of conditions that can result in an enlarged prostate that restricts the flow of urine through the urethra. The most common causes of an enlarged prostate include:

  • Benign prostate hyperplasia – This is the most common cause of an enlarged prostate and is often a result of aging. However, men are more at risk of developing this condition if they are overweight, have certain medical conditions such as diabetes or heart disease, or have a family history of BPH.
  • Prostatitis (prostate infection) – If bacteria makes its way to the prostate, it can cause an infection that results in an enlarged prostate. This condition is more severe than BPH and requires immediate medical attention. It may present itself with more common symptoms of bacterial infections, including fever, chills, and pain, especially near the base of the penis.
  • Prostate cancer – This is a potentially life-threatening condition that occurs when a tumor develops within the prostate.

Tampa General Hospital can diagnose and treat a variety of urological conditions, including an enlarged prostate. TGH utilizes the latest technologies for diagnosis and treatment, including minimally invasive prostate artery embolization (PAE). PAE is best suited for men who have a significantly enlarged prostate or those who have a prostate size that is considered higher risk for traditional transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP).

If you suffer from moderate to severe symptoms as a result of an enlarged prostate or have been diagnosed with BPH, contact Tampa General’s PAE program coordinator at (813) 539-5995 or submit an online form to begin the process of being evaluated for prostate artery embolization.