Scientists have not yet identified indisputable lymphoma causes, although there are several risks factors that may increase the possibility of developing certain types of lymphoma. A combination of genetic and environmental factors seems to play a role in the onset of the disease, and these risk factors vary depending on the type of lymphoma.
Lymphoma has no direct causes, but risk factors that may increase a person’s chance of developing this disease include:
- Age – People between the ages of 15 and 40 and people who are older than 55 are more likely to develop Hodgkin lymphoma. On the other hand, the risk of developing non-Hodgkin lymphoma increases with age, and the most common types occur in people in their 60s and 70s.
- Gender – In general, men are more likely to develop Hodgkin and non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
- Family history – Although the increased risk is small, siblings of people with Hodgkin lymphoma have a higher chance of developing this disease.
- Virus exposure – People who have been infected with the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), the virus that causes the infectious mononucleosis (more commonly known as “mono”), may be at an increased risk for developing some types of Hodgkin and non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
- Chemical exposure – Contact with certain types of chemicals, such as pesticides and petrochemicals, may increase the risk of developing non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
However, since there are no direct causes to lymphoma, being evaluated by a medical professional if you develop signs and symptoms of this disease is crucial. Tampa General Hospital’s Hematology/Oncology Clinic provides specialized and personalized treatment to patients who have been diagnosed with lymphoma and other types of blood diseases. The dedicated staff at TGH is highly trained and knowledgeable of all types of lymphoma and the causes of the disease.
For a physician referral, please use our PhysicianFinder tool or call (813) 844-2200.