Type 2 Diabetes Treatments
Type 2 diabetes treatments can help patients maintain normal, or near normal, blood sugar levels throughout the day. This not only helps to relieve unpleasant symptoms, such as extreme hunger, thirst, and fatigue, but also reduces the likelihood that patients will develop long-term health complications, such as nerve and blood vessel damage. For those who have been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, treatment is an ongoing process because the disease has no cure. For some, adjusting to the required lifestyle changes may be difficult at first. However, consistency is the key to living a full and healthy life with diabetes.
Some of the treatment requirements for those with type 2 diabetes include:
- Exercise – The recommended amount and intensity of exercise will vary from patient to patient, depending on their overall health. However, it is generally advisable to get at least 30 minutes of aerobic exercise five days per week.
- Diet – While there is no one-size-fits-all diet for those with type 2 diabetes, however, certain dietary adjustments are usually required. For example, individuals with this disease should eat fewer animal products, sweets, and refined carbohydrates, and more whole grains, vegetables, and fruits.
- Medication – Medication is not always required for those with type 2 diabetes. However, for those who can’t maintain normal blood sugar levels through diet and exercise alone, a range of medications are available. These can include metformin, which helps the body become more sensitive to insulin, as well as synthetic insulin.
Tampa General Hospital was named one of America's Best Hospitals for Diabetes & Endocrinology by U.S. News & World Report in 2019-20. This recognition was earned, in part, because of our individualized approach to providing our patients with type 2 diabetes treatments. Our multispecialty team accounts for the severity of each patient’s condition, as well as their overall health and lifestyle, to develop the most effective treatment plan. For a list of physicians who can treat type 2 diabetes, click here.